This Flash Eurobarometer “Future of transport” (No 312) was conducted at the request of Directorate General Mobility and Transport in the 27 EU Member States.
Initially the survey examined the current means of transport that EU citizens used to get around on a daily basis. These ranged from a car or motorbike, to public transport, cycling and walking.
The survey then looked at various transport policy issues and asked EU citizens for their views. These topics included:
- the level of support for “pay-as-you-drive” policies
- people’s readiness to buy a “cleaner” vehicle as opposed to a traditional one
- car users’ reasons for not using public transport
- ideas for making public transport easier to use
- ideas that could encourage car users to consider reducing the amount they use their car.
53% of EU citizens said they used a car as their main mode of transport and about one in five (22%) used public transport. “Walking” was mentioned by 13% of EU citizens and 7% selected “cycling”. The least popular choice was a motorbike, mentioned by 2%.
In a majority of countries (19 out of 27), about three-quarters – or more – of car users felt that public transport was not as convenient as a car. In all Member States, at least half of car users said that they did not use public transport because of a lack of connections.
Men were more likely to say that they used a car to get around on a daily basis (59% vs. 47% of women). Women more frequently said they usually walked (16% vs. 9% of men) or used public transport (25% vs. 18%).
Almost two-thirds (64%) of rural residents said that they used a car to get about on a day-to-day basis; metropolitan residents, on the other hand, were almost as likely to mention public transport as they were to say they used a car as their main mode of transport (37% vs. 43%).