The Digest of United Kingdom Energy Statistics 2010 has just been published by the Department of Energy and Climate Change. With many detailed tables, supported by charts and commentary, the Digest provides comprehensive data for 2009 and an account of trends in energy supply and demand in the United Kingdom.
Main trends in energy in 2009:
• Overall there was a decrease in indigenous energy production of 5.7% and a decrease in primary energy consumption of 6.3% in the UK compared with 2008, largely driven by the recession.
• Overall primary fuel consumption was not met by indigenous production; this continues the trend from 2004 when the UK again became a net importer of fuel. The UK imported more coal, manufactured fuels, crude oil, electricity and gas than it exported; however the UK remained a net exporter of petroleum products.
• With the coal-gas price differential again high, the commercial attractiveness of gas for electricity generation remained high, while the amount of electricity generated from coal fell further, as nuclear stations returned from the outages of 2008 to increase output. Gas accounted for 45% of electricity supplied in 2009, with coal accounting for 28% and nuclear 18%.
• Overall there was a decrease of 6.7% in final energy consumption in the UK compared with 2008.
• The reduced demand for fossil fuels, and switching from coal to nuclear for electricity generation provisionally reduced the emissions of carbon dioxide by 9.7% in 2009.
• Electricity generated from renewable sources in the UK in 2009 represented 6.7% of total UK electricity generation, up from 5.6 per cent in 2008. On a renewable obligation basis, 6.7% of electricity sales came from eligible renewable sources, up from 5.3% in 2008. .
• Refinery production decreased by 7% and petroleum product exports decreased by 11%.
• In 2009 the energy industries’ accounted for 3.7% of GDP and 10.1% of total investment.