This publication from Eurostat provides a comprehensive picture of the structure, development and characteristics of the European business economy and its different sectors. It presents the latest available statistics from a wide selection of statistical sources. The main source of analysis is derived from structural business statistics (SBS). Other data sources which are used extensively throughout the publication include short-term statistics (STS), the labour force survey (LFS), PRODCOM (statistics by product) and external trade. In addition, use has also been made of specialist sources for particular areas, notably transport, energy, research and development, environment, tourism and information society statistics.
The report covers: production and employment; country specialisation and regional distribution; cost structure, productivity and profitability; external trade, and more. It divides ‘the business economy’ into 25 main sectors from mining and quarrying, through manufacturing activities, to energy transmission and recycling, construction and a range of services. Each of these sectors are analysed in detail in separate chapters. It does not cover agriculture, forestry and fishing, nor the public administration and largely non-market services such as education and health.
The first chapter provides a general overview of the EU’s business economy, with comparisons across the main sectors. In addition, it provides information of a horizontal nature based on data on business demography and foreign controlled enterprises, as well as size class analysis of enterprises’ population. A particular effort has been made in this edition to include, where available, data at the most detailed activity level (NACE Rev. 1.1 four digit or class level) and to facilitate further comparisons across the different activities of the business economy.
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